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Philipp Plein Resort 2023

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Philipp Plein Resort 2023

Cradling his latest headline release—month-old son Rocket Halo Ocean Plein—proud papa Philipp Plein jumped on a Teams to zoom through this resort collection. He said: “We’ve got a lot of strong bright colors, a lot of Aloha prints and patterns. It’s summery and fun.” The menswear tracksuit in pastel green with a chest-panel featuring two airborne dolphins leaping in front of a rainbow-framed waterfall was a particularly strong look. Rich bitch kitsch standouts included a post-Juicy lilac leisure suit decorated with sequin hibiscus blooms, and a paneled boho maxi dress in that same purposefully pulsating tropical LSD overdose print.

After young Rocket, Plein said he was currently most proud that his brand’s proportional sales of womenswear to mens’ has recently shifted from 30/70 to 40/60. The second half of this lookbook suggested why. The tropical schtick receded in favor of sleekly cut wide-legged suiting, killer cocktail dresses, boisterous bouclé combos, and a moto leather mini. “We are trying to connect the menswear and womenswear stories more than we did in the past,” said Plein.

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Dion Lee Resort 2023

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Dion Lee Resort 2023

Thousands of cell phones are thrust into the air as the opening din of Rosalía’s “Saoko” begins. The stage is bare but the zillions of fans know that soon, the lights will flash and there will come Rosalía, in the first moment of the first night of her 2022 world tour that will take her from her native Spain across Europe and to North and South America. When she finally appears, in a blitz of light and cheers, she’s wearing a cobalt Dion Lee knit top and low-waisted miniskirt that is positively mini—all the better to show off her Dion Lee boots.

Weeks before, in Paris, Lee is scrolling through dozens of sketches he has made for Rosalía and all of her dancers. He will be the exclusive costumer for the musician for the next four months of her tour, crafting every belt, every moto jacket, and every flamenco-inspired gown. He doesn’t seem a lick tired, instead inspired to see his designs take life on a star of Rosalía’s stature.

That partnership suits him. His woman is really the Rosalía type—aggressive, tough, and spellbindingly sexy. His resort 2023 collection, concepted in tandem with Rosalía’s looks, is brimming with ruggedly hot clothing with a certain motocross edge. The monstera leaf top from his spring 2021 collection has been revived as a padded black leather minidress that almost resembles a tire tread. Shoulder pads and knee pads give sunbleached sweats a sporty feeling, while deconstructed corset suiting is as strict as ever, but somehow in our strange intra-pandemic world, feels totally right.

Maybe it’s that after all the hubbub about dressing up or dressing down, hardcore crispness is the mood that fits this moment. Precision and slinkiness can be at odds, but here Lee finds a groove that works. Catch it on tour this fall—or in wardrobes this resort season.

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Experience required: A role for vision in the development of inhibitory networks

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Experience required: A role for vision in the development of inhibitory networks

Brain function, much like many other areas of life, is all about balance. Excitatory neurons that increase the activity of connected neurons are balanced by inhibitory neurons that dampen this activity. In this way, excitation and inhibition work together throughout the brain to process information and guide behavior. An imbalance of these systems, which can sometimes arise during development, contributes to neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism. Until recently researchers have mostly focused on excitatory neurons, while the function and development of inhibitory neuronal circuits has been understudied.

New research from the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience demonstrates that inhibitory and excitatory neuronal circuits of the visual system develop through different processes, even if the organization of the mature circuit is similar. These findings, published in Nature Communications highlight the importance of the continued study of the development of these two systems, the understanding of which is fundamental to comprehending neurodevelopmental disorders.

An area of the brain that processes visual information, the primary visual cortex, is highly organized, forming patches of neighboring neurons that tend to be active together and respond to similar visual features. In mammals, these modular functional maps consist of both excitatory and inhibitory neurons that work together to create an accurate representation of the world.

Scientists Jeremy Chang and David Fitzpatrick have now characterized the development of these functional maps for inhibitory neurons in primary visual cortex. Although excitatory and inhibitory functional maps are matched at maturity, their development occurs through different parallel processes.

Excitatory neurons show modular organization early on, before the eyes open and visual input is received. Neighboring neurons respond to visual images in a correlated fashion and show similar preferences for stimuli presented in specific orientations. While visual experience refines particular properties of these maps, such as the alignment of visual information from each eye, the basic features of the modular organization are present before visual experience.

Dr. Chang found that inhibitory neurons, on the other hand, lack much of this modular activity before visual experience. “This came as a surprise,” he admitted. “We were not expecting the functional maps seen before eye-opening in excitatory neurons to be almost absent in inhibitory neurons.” This suggested that developing mature functional organization of inhibitory neurons requires visual experience. In fact, if visual input was delayed, the development of many features of the functional inhibitory neuron maps was also delayed.

This work contributes to the fundamental understanding of larger questions about the role of inhibition in the cortex, which the lab will continue to pursue. “New techniques developed over the last decade have allowed us to image the activity of inhibitory neurons in response to visual images. We are beginning to understand the functional importance of inhibition in visual processing and how the role of inhibition changes throughout development. During development, inhibitory and excitatory neurons have to solve different puzzles to end up in the correct place, connect to the appropriate partners, and refine their connections in response to experience,” said Chang. Future work will focus on understanding how these puzzles are solved.

This research was supported by the National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health under award numbers EY011488 and EY026273 and the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience. This content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the funders.

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Materials provided by Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

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A proof of odd-parity superconductivity

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A proof of odd-parity superconductivity

Superconductivity is a fascinating state of matter in which an electrical current can flow without any resistance. Usually, it can exist in two forms. One is destroyed easily with a magnetic field and has “even parity,” i.e. it has a point symmetric wave function with respect to an inversion point, and one which is stable in magnetic fields applied in certain directions and has “odd parity,” i.e. it has an antisymmetric wave function.

Consequently, the latter should present a characteristic angle dependence of the critical field where superconductivity disappears. But odd-parity superconductivity is rare in nature; only a few materials support this state, and in none of them has the expected angle dependence been observed. In a new publication in PRX, the group by Elena Hassinger and collaborators show that the angle dependence in the superconductor CeRh2As2 is exactly that expected of an odd-parity state.

CeRh2As2 was recently found to exhibit two superconducting states: A low-field state changes into a high-field state at 4 T when a magnetic field is applied along one axis. For varying field directions, we measured the specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, and magnetic torque of this material to obtain the angle dependence of the critical fields. We find that the high-field state quickly disappears when the magnetic field is turned away from the initial axis. These results are in excellent agreement with our model identifying the two states with even- and odd-parity states.

CeRh2As2 presents an extraordinary opportunity to investigate odd-parity superconductivity further. It also allows for testing mechanisms for a transition between two superconducting states, and especially their relation to spin-orbit coupling, multiband physics, and additional ordered states occurring in this material.

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Materials provided by Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

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Emotional patterns a factor in children’s food choices

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Emotional patterns a factor in children’s food choices

The emotional context in which eating occurs has been thought to influence eating patterns and diet, with studies finding negative emotions predict excessive calorie intake and poor diet quality. A research article featured in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, published by Elsevier, discusses how children’s unhealthy food choices, especially over weekends, are related to emotion.

“Children are more likely to consume unhealthy foods on weekends when meals and snacks are less structured and supervised than on school days,” said Christine Hotaru Naya, MPH, Department of Population and Public Health Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. “We also focused on snack choices where children often make their own decisions.”

This study sampled 195 ethnically diverse children currently in third through sixth grades who lived in the greater Los Angeles metropolitan area. Children used a mobile phone app and were contacted seven times per day to answer questions. When contacted, they were asked if they were feeling stressed, mad or sad and to report if they had made any unhealthy eating choices from among fried foods, sweets, and sugary beverages over the previous two hours.

Across all food types sampled, sweet food consumption was reported the most often. Children reported eating sweets or pastries at least once daily on 40% of the days. Chips or fries were eaten at least once a day on nearly 30% of days, and sugar-sweetened beverages were consumed at least once per day on 25% of days.

The researchers also identified three negative mood patterns during a day: stable low; early increasing and late decreasing; and early decreasing and late increasing. In the study, on 90% of the days, children reported stable low negative mood, but the reminder had varying moods throughout the day.

“We found fried food consumption to be higher on days with more variable emotional patterns than days with consistent low negative mood,” says Naya. “These results align with other studies that have found the negative mood to positively predict children’s fatty food intake.” Sweet food and soda consumption did not follow the same patterns in this study.

Coauthor Daniel Chu, MPH, Department of Population and Public Health Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA, notes, “This study has several strengths, including the ability to be repeated in the family home, and we were able to test a population of healthy children so results can be widely applied.”

These findings add to the evidence for incorporating mood and emotion-based components into interventions aiming to improve children’s dietary outcomes and eating behaviors. Specifically, results highlight mornings and evenings as two possible vulnerable periods when the change in negative emotions could influence food choices.

“More studies are needed for us to understand the relationship between a child’s emotions and their food choices, but this is a good start on that path to recognizing how to approach food choices with a person’s mood and emotions in mind,” concludes Naya. “We could improve our current interventions to be individually tailored to the environmental, social, emotional, and cognitive contexts in which unhealthy eating occurs.”

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Materials provided by Elsevier. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

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Haiti’s 1860 Jour de Pâques earthquakes may have released strain in key fault zone

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Haiti’s 1860 Jour de Pâques earthquakes may have released strain in key fault zone

Using details from historical newspaper accounts and letters, seismologists have learned more about Haiti’s 1860 Jour de Pâques (Easter Sunday) earthquake sequence, and how it might have impacted the country’s most recent devastating earthquakes.

The new analysis published in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America suggests that the 1860 sequence may have released strain in an unusual gap between the 2010 magnitude 7.0 Léogâne earthquake and the 2021 magnitude 7.2 Nippes earthquake.

The 2010 and 2021 earthquakes, both of which caused significant deaths and damage, took place on the same fault systems in southern Haiti. Satellite observations collected after the 2021 earthquake showed that the rupture zones for the two earthquakes were separated by a roughly 50-kilometer gap.

Stacey Martin, a Ph.D. student at the Australian National University, noticed the gap while preparing for a presentation on the 2021 earthquake for the seismology group at the Research School of Earth Sciences at the ANU. Further discussions with U.S. Geological Survey seismologist Susan Hough led the two to look for more information on the 1860 event, which might have taken place in the gap.

Previous studies concluded that there was only one Jour de Pâques event. “However, after locating the first of the newspapers … it quickly became clear that there were two large events and it would be possible to say something more definitive about each,” said Martin. “Working together with Sue to track down accounts and then model the event, it gradually became clear to us that there was a lot more to the 1860 story.”

The researchers collected historical accounts about earthquake shaking, building damage and tsunami related to the 1860 event from French-language Haitian newspapers, accounts from ship captains that were published in English-language newspapers, and an eyewitness account written in German in a letter from the town of Les Cayes.

The accounts offer a sometimes-colorful glimpse at how the earthquakes played out across the region — breaking dishes, pushing people to camp in the streets, flooding graveyards and in the case of one significant aftershock, causing people to think “they were seeing their final hour.”

Martin and Hough used details about shaking, structure damage and locations from these accounts, along with information on building materials used at the time to estimate intensities for the sequence’s events. The researchers used these data to reconstruct possible locations and magnitudes for the events.

The accounts clearly indicate that there were two large events at the start of the sequence: a magnitude 6.0 to 6.4 earthquake that occurred along the coastline, near l’Anse-à-Veau on the morning of 8 April 1860; and a second earthquake that evening that Martin and Hough estimate to be magnitude 6.6 to 6.9. This second larger earthquake may have been a multi-fault rupture taking place on the fault zone that contained the 2010 and 2021 earthquakes.

The researchers also documented 83 aftershocks in the sequence, including a previously unknown magnitude 6.6 aftershock occurring two days later.

“The level of detail in the German account and in some of the letters and reports published in local newspapers was critical in allowing us to distinguish separate events,” Martin said. “These, in particular the German letter, clearly stated the times when shocks were felt. Some of the newspapers also republished letters from individuals in the area who ascribed damage to different events clearly.”

Despite delays in receiving materials and the inability to visit libraries and archives during the pandemic to comb through these primary sources, Martin said the data they contained was worth the wait. While some seismologists find the process of tracking down historical sources too time-consuming or difficult, he said, “not seeking them out would be tantamount to deploying an expensive, highly sensitive seismometer and never bothering to recover or consult the data it records after a major earthquake.”

The researchers say more work is needed to find paleoseismological traces of past earthquakes in Haiti’s southern peninsula, and to determine how they might relate to current seismic hazard in the region. “What our study highlights additionally is that smaller, unmapped faults still pose a threat to Haiti’s towns and cities,” said Martin.

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NASA Reveals Webb Telescope’s first images of unseen universe

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NASA Reveals Webb Telescope’s first images of unseen universe

The dawn of a new era in astronomy is here as the world gets its first look at the full capabilities of NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, a partnership with ESA (European Space Agency) and CSA (Canadian Space Agency).

The full set of the telescope’s first full-color images and spectroscopic data, which uncover a collection of cosmic features elusive until now, released Tuesday, are available at:

https://www.nasa.gov/webbfirstimages

“Today, we present humanity with a groundbreaking new view of the cosmos from the James Webb Space Telescope — a view the world has never seen before,” said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. “These images, including the deepest infrared view of our universe that has ever been taken, show us how Webb will help to uncover the answers to questions we don’t even yet know to ask; questions that will help us better understand our universe and humanity’s place within it.

“The Webb team’s incredible success is a reflection of what NASA does best. We take dreams and turn them into reality for the benefit of humanity. I can’t wait to see the discoveries that we uncover — the team is just getting started!”

NASA explores the unknown in space for the benefit of all, and Webb’s first observations tell the story of the hidden universe through every phase of cosmic history — from neighboring planets outside our solar system, known as exoplanets, to the most distant observable galaxies in the early universe.

“This is a singular and historic moment,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. “It took decades of drive and perseverance to get us here, and I am immensely proud of the Webb team. These first images show us how much we can accomplish when we come together behind a shared goal, to solve the cosmic mysteries that connect us all. It’s a stunning glimpse of the insights yet to come.”

“We are elated to celebrate this extraordinary day with the world,” said Greg Robinson, Webb program director at NASA Headquarters. “The beautiful diversity and incredible detail of the Webb telescope’s images and data will have a profound impact on our understanding of the universe and inspire us to dream big.”

Webb’s first observations were selected by a group of representatives from NASA, ESA, CSA, and the Space Telescope Science Institute. They reveal the capabilities of all four of Webb’s state-of-the-art scientific instruments:

  • SMACS 0723: Webb has delivered the deepest and sharpest infrared image of the distant universe so far — and in only 12.5 hours. For a person standing on Earth looking up, the field of view for this new image, a color composite of multiple exposures each about two hours long, is approximately the size of a grain of sand held at arm’s length. This deep field uses a lensing galaxy cluster to find some of the most distant galaxies ever detected. This image only scratches the surface of Webb’s capabilities in studying deep fields and tracing galaxies back to the beginning of cosmic time.
  • WASP-96b (spectrum): Webb’s detailed observation of this hot, puffy planet outside our solar system reveals the clear signature of water, along with evidence of haze and clouds that previous studies of this planet did not detect. With Webb’s first detection of water in the atmosphere of an exoplanet, it will now set out to study hundreds of other systems to understand what other planetary atmospheres are made of.
  • Southern Ring Nebula: This planetary nebula, an expanding cloud of gas that surrounds a dying star, is approximately 2,000 light years away. Here, Webb’s powerful infrared eyes bring a second dying star into full view for the first time. From birth to death as a planetary nebula, Webb can explore the expelling shells of dust and gas of aging stars that may one day become a new star or planet.
  • Stephan’s Quintet: Webb’s view of this compact group of galaxies, located in the constellation Pegasus, pierced through the shroud of dust surrounding the center of one galaxy, to reveal the velocity and composition of the gas near its supermassive black hole. Now, scientists can get a rare look, in unprecedented detail, at how interacting galaxies are triggering star formation in each other and how the gas in these galaxies is being disturbed.
  • Carina Nebula: Webb’s look at the ‘Cosmic Cliffs’ in the Carina Nebula unveils the earliest, rapid phases of star formation that were previously hidden. Looking at this star-forming region in the southern constellation Carina, as well as others like it, Webb can see newly forming stars and study the gas and dust that made them.

“Absolutely thrilling!” said John Mather, Webb senior project scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. “The equipment is working perfectly, and nature is full of surprising beauty. Congratulations and thanks to our worldwide teams that made it possible.”

The release of Webb’s first images and spectra kicks off the beginning of Webb’s science operations, where astronomers around the world will have their chance to observe anything from objects within our solar system to the early universe using Webb’s four instruments.

The James Webb Space Telescope launched Dec. 25, 2021, on an Ariane 5 rocket from Europe’s Spaceport in French Guiana, South America. After completing a complex deployment sequence in space, Webb underwent months of commissioning where its mirrors were aligned, and its instruments were calibrated to its space environment and prepared for science.

The public can also view the new Webb images Tuesday on several digital screens in New York City’s Times Square and in London’s Piccadilly Circus beginning at 5:30 p.m. EDT and 10:30 p.m. GMT, respectively.

The James Webb Space Telescope is the world’s premier space science observatory. Webb will solve mysteries in our solar system, look beyond to distant worlds around other stars and probe the mysterious structures and origins of our universe and our place in it.

NASA Headquarters oversees the mission for the agency’s Science Mission Directorate. NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, manages Webb for the agency and oversees work on the mission performed by the Space Telescope Science Institute, Northrop Grumman, and other mission partners. In addition to Goddard, several NASA centers contributed to the project, including the agency’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, Ames Research Center in California’s Silicon Valley, and others.

For a full array of Webb’s first images and spectra, including downloadable files, visit:

https://webbtelescope.org/news/first-images

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How To Turn Your Mid-Career Crisis Into an Opportunity

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How To Turn Your Mid-Career Crisis Into an Opportunity

Rachel Serwetz

Career Exploration Coach | CEO | Founder | Speaker | Guiding you to identify and pursue your best-fit career path Read full profile

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If you’re feeling like you’re facing a career crisis, don’t fret. The good news is that this is a moment where you can notice the need for change, which means you’re embracing self-awareness and the opportunity for growth.

Whether you’re newer in your career or facing a mid-career crisis, it is common to feel moments of stress, uncertainty, or confusion in your career. However, with the right guidance and support, you can turn that feeling into a strategic and positive opportunity.

Here are eight tips on how to overcome a mid-career crisis and turn it into an opportunity.

Are You Experiencing a Mid-Career Crisis?

Ask yourself these questions and see if you’re experiencing any of these signs:

  • Are you debating a career pivot?
  • Are you considering quitting?
  • Are you looking into upskilling or further education?
  • Are you constantly on the job boards?
  • Are you feeling stuck or unsure of your next steps?
  • Are you feeling unchallenged, unheard, unsupported, or unfulfilled?
  • Are you unsure how you’re feeling professionally but you know it’s not good?

Any of these feelings is a source of a professional challenge but also an opportunity. Let’s start by identifying those feelings and turning them into a positive source of change.

How to Overcome a Mid-Career Crisis

1. Lean on Some Support and Guidance

While this article will guide you through several important self-reflection questions and practical efforts you can take to progress forward, it doesn’t hurt to find a mentor, peer, coach, or any form of guidance so that you don’t have to go about these career changes on your own.

There is a slew of tools, resources, and people here to ensure you can utilize best practices, feel guided, and ensure you are being efficient, effective, and intentional with your career decisions and efforts.

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2. Accept and Understand Your Emotions

  • Notice how you feel and identify what you feel.
  • How long have you been feeling this way?
  • How intense is the feeling?
  • Have you been needing or wanting more but hesitating because you’re not sure what the next step should be?

Accept that it is completely common and okay to feel frustrated in your career. The last thing you need is to beat yourself up for any negative emotions.

Realize these feelings are a chance to make an important change. Get comfortable with embracing how you feel as the first step.

Leveraging a loved one, a therapist, a trusted friend, mentor, peer, advisor, or coach is not a bad idea here. Know that it is quite valuable to simply spend time processing how you’re feeling so that you can soon enough feel ready to turn these feelings into action and progress towards a new direction.

It is also possible you have some subconscious feelings. Aim to meditate and/or journal to actively reflect and surface how you’re feeling. Oftentimes, there is undue pressure we put on ourselves or that we feel from our loved ones.

3. Pinpoint the Root Cause of Your Feelings

I often separate a work opportunity into three parts. Reflect on which area of your career is standing out to you.

  • Your role – This encompasses your day-to-day activities, responsibilities, skills, projects, and the overall style of your everyday work. How engaged are you in your current role? Is your challenge or potential being fulfilled?
  • Your industry – This relates to the ultimate purpose, mission, or impact that your company delivers. Do you find this product or service important or intriguing?
  • Your environment – We mainly refer to this as the “company culture,” but it can broadly relate to how the physical or intangible environment looks and feels. Are you remote or in-person? Is there support and flexibility? Do you get along with your colleagues and leadership?

You could give each of these three areas a rating from one to ten, or you could highlight for each area what is going well or not as well. It is possible that more than one of these areas is ripe for improvement.

4. Unblock Any Limiting Mindsets That Are Driving Your Career Crisis

Naturally, our brains may want to play tricks on us and conjure up any number of hesitations about what’s possible and why we should avoid career change.

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Understand any uncertainties you may have and work through them with a coach if you can. The last thing we want is for you to hold yourself back. Rather, we want you to explore what could be next for you, learn deeply about all potential options, and then make an informed decision about your best next steps.

What feelings, emotions, or actions would you have to embrace or do to show up as the person you want to become? How could you move the needle to be slightly more open-minded, creative, vulnerable, and brave to uncover what might be next for you in your career?

Remember and take comfort in the fact that you never have to take any official actions until you fully understand what you want or need next in your career and the realistic nuances, patterns, and requirements for how people typically pursue the path that you’re considering.

5. Embrace Your Readiness for Change (Benefits of Career Change)

Picturing change may help you uncover if anything is stalling you from being open-minded.

Would a career change mean a lifestyle change? What would a new role mean for your life practically? Do you need to have a conversation with someone to get the support you need?

Turn any uncertainties into questions, and turn questions into answers.

Especially for mid-career pivoters, transition and change can be nerve-wracking, but sometimes, it can be the most refreshing thing to a recruiter or hiring manager to understand how you want to take your skills forward in a new direction.

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You can and still will very much leverage your wide array of experiences, perspectives, and knowledge but with a fresh approach that perhaps other team members don’t have.

6. Set Your Priorities: Understand What You Want and Need

After debunking all limiting mindsets, decide what your ideal career looks like. That way, with any upcoming career exploration or job search, it will be that much easier to assess what opportunity is a strong fit that will meet your needs moving forward.

7. Determine Your Next Steps: Turn Career Crisis Into Opportunity

If you feel that your role isn’t challenging or serving you, ask yourself these questions:

  • Is there something I can do to take on greater responsibility in my role?
  • What is the next role upward and do I want to strive for that level? If so, how can I go about that?
  • Is there some learning-based opportunity I can take on outside of work to stretch my skills?
  • Do I need to re-explore which role is the best fit for me?
  • If so, is there a team internally at this company I could explore moving to that is a stronger fit?
  • If not, pursue a process of exploration (deep learning and reflection) to gain confidence in your best-fit role.

To further reflect on your ideal role, you can consider skills you are natural or great at, what you most enjoy doing, and projects you have loved or would love to take on.

If you feel that your industry isn’t aligned with you, ask yourself these questions:

  • Is there something I can do to take on projects that are more interesting to me within my current role or team?
  • Is there something I can take on outside of work that helps me work towards a purpose I care about?
  • Do I know which industry would be the best fit for me?
  • Consider what problem areas in our world you find interesting, impactful, or innovative.
  • If so, is there a team internally at this company I could explore moving to that is a stronger fit?
  • If not, pursue a process of exploration (deep learning and reflection) to gain confidence in your best fit industry.

To further reflect on your ideal industry, you can consider who you want to help serve, how, why, and where. You want to think about the areas of improvement in our world that you are most excited about.

If you feel that your environment isn’t aligned with you, ask yourself these questions:

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  • Is there something I could change about my work arrangement to make the environment more suitable? (i.e. in-person vs. remote work, hours, etc.)
  • Is there anything I can do to better fit into the culture here? You don’t want to change who you are, but if you think there are small, tangible tweaks you can make to how you’re interacting with others, it is worth reflecting on what you think you could do better or differently, in addition to what others can also do.
  • Is there feedback I can give to my colleagues or manager that I think would improve our working relationship?
  • If you feel that the environment is beyond your control, I would embrace the potential that you may want to consider job searching to find an environment that better aligns with your personality and values.

To further reflect on your ideal work environment, think about the pace of work, what it should look and feel like, and the traits and qualities of the people around you.

8. Explore and Confidently Identify a Fitting Career Direction

Career exploration is a process that can be quite powerful to narrow in on your best new career direction. By performing a process of research, networking, reflection, and iteration, you can gain a deep understanding of the roles and industries you are considering to prioritize effectively which path will align and fulfill you.

Once you have a strong, clear picture of your ideal career path forward, it will help you be more intentional with finding the right professional opportunities both within and outside of work to push you closer to your goals and potential.

Final Thoughts

Experiencing a mid-career crisis is normal, and it definitely doesn’t mean the end of your career’s progress or a lifetime of stagnation. It just means that you can either sit back and wait for change to come to you or use it as an opportunity to actively reflect, pivot, and improve your career.

Featured photo credit: Thought Catalog via unsplash.com

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Which has a stronger bite: hammerheads or tiger sharks?

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Which has a stronger bite: hammerheads or tiger sharks?

An underwater photographer has measured the bite force of two of the world’s largest predatory sharks in the wild for the first time. 

Published July 12, 2022

8 min read

As the ocean’s apex predator, sharks are known for their hunting prowess, whether it’s the Greenland shark’s stealth ambush or the thresher shark’s whip-like tail. Still, there’s a lot experts don’t know about the animals in action, such as their maximum speed and bite power.

Most scientific knowledge of bite force comes from experiments using captive sharks or from computer modeling. Not surprisingly, working with “live, large, charismatic sharks in the wild has major logistical constraints,” says Dan Huber, a biologist at the University of Tampa who studies sharks.

But underwater photographer Brocq Maxey, who helps run the South Africa-based dive company Shark Explorers, wanted to take on that challenge. In an experiment, Maxey managed to record the bite force of a wild, free-swimming tiger shark and a great hammerhead shark—two of the world’s largest predatory sharks—in what is believed to be a first for those species.

Studying bite force helps scientists understand how sharks have evolved their hunting strategies over the past 400 million years to become such efficient predators, says Huber, who wasn’t involved in the new experiment.

It’s also vital data for conservation efforts: The more scientists know about sharks and their behaviors, the more they can develop plans to save them, he says.

And given that the International Union for Conservation of Nature lists the tiger shark as near threatened and great hammerheads as critically endangered, understanding what these declining species eat is vital, Huber explains. If a species has evolved to specialize in a specific prey, such as endangered sea turtles, there will be serious repercussions if that food is no longer available. (Read how oceanic sharks are in major decline.)

SharkFest is back! Beginning July 10, viewers can sink their teeth into new shows featuring captivating science and stunning visuals of the iconic apex predators. Shark Superpower airs July 12 at 10/9c as part of SharkFest on National Geographic or Disney+.

Dustbins of the sea

For the experiment, Maxey commissioned a custom-made gauge to measure shark bite force. He designed it to be sensitive enough to get accurate readings, but robust enough to withstand the powerful jaws. Then, in the Bahamas, he used bait to encourage sharks to bite the gauge.

Maxey and his team obtained a 505-pound reading from an 11-foot-long hammerhead, and an 864-pound reading from a nine-foot-long tiger shark. Despite being two feet smaller than the hammerhead, the tiger shark had a bite power that was 70 percent higher. (Read about the most fascinating shark discoveries of the past 10 years.)

Huber says that’s what he would expect based on his mathematical models.

Tiger sharks—sometimes called the dustbins of the sea—are not only more aggressive but also renowned for eating almost anything, including sea turtles. Wrapping their large mouths around the prey, they shake their heads to saw through the turtles’ tough shell. Hammerheads require much less power, grabbing their meal—including stingrays and squid—with one quick bite.

While sharks can have enormous bite forces, this is often “by virtue of their gigantic size,” says Huber. When body size is taken into consideration, their bite power is relatively low compared pound for pound with other animals, such as the hippo (1,827 pounds) and the saltwater crocodile—whose 3,748-pound bite is the strongest in the animal kingdom.

Because they have a “mouth full of steak knives,” he says, large sharks don’t need a strong relative bite to get their food.

How fast can a mako go?

In another first featured in the new documentary, wildlife filmmaker Andy Casagrande attempted to capture a speed recording of a mako shark—believed to be among the fastest sharks in the world.

Makos—sometimes called the cheetahs of the deep—are “shaped like torpedoes,” says Marianne Porter, a biologist who studies shark biomechanics at Florida Atlantic University. They’re “sleek and streamlined” right down to their “perfect little point” of a nose, which is ideal for piercing through the water, she says. They’re also propelled by their powerful, crescent-shaped tail.

Though there are some anecdotal reports of makos swimming at 43 miles per hour, Casagrande hoped to be the first to definitively record their top speed.

In a novel experiment off San Diego, Casagrande got a mako shark to chase a fish-shaped lure, then followed the shark with a super-fast, GPS-outfitted drone. The shark took two seconds to swim 72 feet (0.01 mile) as measured by a floating ruler, which was a speed of 24.54 miles per hour. The experiment validated Casagrande’s method, but the speed is very unlikely to be a mako’s fastest. (Read how shark scales give sharks their speed.)

While disappointed, Casagrande understands why no one has yet recorded the definitive top speed of a mako. “It’s almost impossible. Almost,” he says in the episode.

Challenges of shark research

Both Huber and Porter caution that it’s hard to determine the top speed or bite force of any animal.

For instance, voluntary bite forces from wild sharks are likely to be “dramatic underestimates,” Huber says, since offering them bait “isn’t a realistic predatory scenario.”

“Yes, the sharks will bite, but there’s no reason why they need to exert themselves to their highest level of performance.”

We humans can relate, he says. “Think about how often you do anything in your life as hard and as forcefully as you possibly can.”

As with bite force, a shark’s speed can vary hugely depending on the situation at the time, says Porter, who wasn’t involved in the speed experiment. “We don’t know if the shark was following this lure out of curiosity, or if it was legitimately trying to capture food like its life depended on it.”

Confirming an animal’s maximum speed would require “huge amounts of data” over a long period of time, she adds, but Casagrande’s small-scale experiment could inspire further experiments.

In particular, she says, using drone video could give scientists unprecedented insight into how sharks can move so incredibly fast.

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Over 3,400 People Receive Christ during Christian Festival in the UK

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Over 3,400 People Receive Christ during Christian Festival in the UK

Over 3,400 people surrendered their lives to Jesus Christ at a Christian festival in the United Kingdom last weekend.

Festival Manchester, a three-day event in Wythenshawe Park, was hosted by hundreds of local churches in partnership with The Message Trust and the Luis Palau Association.

Attendees were treated to live music, worship, prayer, and Gospel messages during the three-day festival that ran from July 1 to July 3. About 3,472 people made professions of faith in response to hearing the Gospel preached.

“This mission was on a scale not seen in a generation. Last weekend alone, over 65,000 people got to hear about Jesus’ love for them, and over 3,400 responded to the good news they heard,” Andy Hawthorne, CEO and founder of The Message Trust, said.

“This is what Festival Manchester was all about – introducing people to Jesus and seeing lives changed both now and for eternity,” he continued. “I honestly believe we got to be part of something huge that God is doing.”

Andrew Palau, the son of late evangelist Luis Palau, rejoiced at the successful turnout as many would come to know the Lord, Christian Today reports.

“As is always the case, when the Church comes together in unity, serving the city, encouraging the body, and proclaiming the good news boldly, great things happen. And that is exactly what we saw here in Manchester,” he said.

“I love the United Kingdom, and I love serving the region with our many friends and ministry partners,” he continued. “A big thanks to The Message Trust and all the local church partners for inviting the Luis Palau Association to help with this city-wide effort.

“What a joy to see the many lives changed through the proclaimed word of God.”

According to CBN News, several Christian music artists performed at the festival, including  Lecrae, Guvna B, Kingdom Choir and Matt Redman.

Those who gave their lives to Christ were encouraged by event organizers to connect with a local church and use Christian resources to further their relationship with Christ.

The event was preceded by an 18-month outreach in the city that entailed sharing the faith with social action projects. According to The Message Trust, the projects were largely responsible for the significant response to the Gospel at the festival.

Related:

Franklin Graham Preaches the Gospel to Nearly 70,000 in Brazil

Photo courtesy: ©Getty Images/CreativaImages


Milton Quintanilla is a freelance writer. He is also the co-hosts of the For Your Soul podcast, which seeks to equip the church with biblical truth and sound doctrine. Visit his blog Blessed Are The Forgiven.

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