75 years after Partition: These maps show how the...

75 years after Partition: These maps show how the British split India


The hastily drawn border, known as the Radcliffe Line, attempted to carve out two nations along religious lines—but sparked violence instead.

Published August 9, 2022

3 min read

With the end of British colonial rule in 1947, the Indian subcontinent was divided into two nations, majority-Hindu India and majority-Muslim Pakistan.

But simmering secular tensions and a hastily planned transition—overseen by a team without any expertise in mapmaking or Indian culture—led to one of the largest refugee crises in history. It also prompted a wave of brutalities that would leave lasting scars for the people living in the two new sovereign nations. 

(Why the Partition of India and Pakistan still casts a long shadow over the region.)

Confusion over the new border—and rising tensions among those who suddenly found their minority and majority statuses switched—was like a spark to a flame. Violence broke out across the subcontinent, particularly in Punjab and Bengal.

Although the violence faded by 1950, the Radcliffe Line has still had lasting implications for the region. In 1971, the people of East Pakistan declared independence for the new nation of Bangladesh. And the southern border of Jammu and Kashmir, a princely state that chose to remain independent after Partition, is still contested today. 

(See maps of India and Pakistan’s conflict over mountains and glaciers)

Read More

Latest news

Tracking online hate speech that follows real-world events

A machine-learning analysis has revealed patterns in online hate speech that suggest complex—and sometimes counterintuitive—links between real-world events and...

First primate relatives discovered in the high Arctic from around 52 million years ago

In the warm climate of ancient Canada, early primate relatives adapted to life in the high Arctic, albeit with...

Sleep disorders in parents and children associated with more parental stress, study finds

The rate of parental stress is greater among parents who have sleep disorders themselves, or have children with sleep...

Engineers created semi-living ‘cyborg cells’ with many capabilities

Natural and artificial cells are two common chassis in synthetic biology. Natural cells can perform complex tasks through synthetic...
- Advertisement -spot_img

Scientists digitally unwrapped the almost 2,300-year-old undisturbed mummy of a teenage boy

Ancient Egyptian mummies represent an opportunity to learn more about humans’ health, beliefs, and skills in antiquity. In the...

Funeral hears man who died in alleged Cork hospital assault was ‘one of the gentlest people’

The funeral of Matthew Healy was told this afternoon that he was a gentle person who loved his family,...

Must read

Titans, Doom Patrol Ending After Current Seasons on HBO Max

Their fourth seasons will be their last.Updated: Jan 26,...

Xbox Direct Reactions and Analysis – Unlocked 579

Microsoft gave us a Hi-Fi suprise!Updated: Jan 26, 2023...
- Advertisement -spot_imgspot_imgspot_imgspot_img

You might also likeRELATED
Recommended to you